Russian bread is excellent and inexpensive. Baked without preservatives, it is often delivered fresh to the bakery several times a day. You can get fresh and sometimes even hot bread (goryachiy khleb) every day. Bread and rolls are still not packaged, so take along plastic bags to the local bakery. Russians often ask if the bread is "Svezhiy" fresh and/or myagkiy soft. Sometimes a fork is provided to test the bread or the clerk might even advise you as to the best bread that day.
Some bakeries have a small cafe, where you can buy coffee and pastries. Some bakeries distribute bread baked elsewhere and others bake right on the premises. Look for bakeries that actually bake the bread and enjoy a loaf of hot bread .
There are two types of bakeries: Bulochnaya or "Breadery", of which there are about 700, almost one on every block, and more than 140 Konditerskaya .
A Bulochnaya generally has fresh bread, rolls, and occasionally cakes and pastries. A Konditerskaya on the other hand, is more like the German "Kondierei" with pastries, cakes, cookies, candy and often coffee, cognac and in some even ice cream, but no bread. A few of the better Bulochnaya are listed below. The better Konditerskaya are listed in CONFECTIONERY AND PASTRY SHOPS.
Types of Bread = Khleb
Baton = oval white loaf
Belyy Kirpich = white brick loaf
Chernyy Kirpich = dark brick loaf
Belyy Kruglyy = round white loaf
Chernyy Kruglyy = round dark loaf
Tort = fancy, sweet cake
Bulochki = tasty sweet rolls